Fall Garden Plants

BHG.com Gardening Caring for Your Yard Garden Care What to Plant in the Fall Planting isn’t just a spring activity. If you’re wondering what you can plant in the fall, the answer is almost anything. Here are six plant types to put in the ground during the fall. By Deb Wiley Facebook Pinterest Twitter Google Plus Email Print More Oops, we’re sorry. Something went wrong. Please try again later. Oops, we’re sorry. Something went wrong. Please try again later. Share your take on this idea!Upload your photo here.CLOSE Spring may be special, but fall is fine for planting. Turfgrass, spring-blooming bulbs, cool-season vegetables, perennials, trees, and shrubs can all be effectively planted in the fall. Fall has distinct planting benefits. Autumn’s cooler air temperatures are easier on both plants and gardeners. The soil is still warm, allowing roots to grow until the ground freezes. In spring, plants don’t grow until the soil warms up. Fall has more good days for planting than spring does, when rain and other unpredictable weather can make working the soil impossible. And there’s a lot more free time for gardening in autumn than in always-frantic spring. Plus, the late season is usually bargain time at garden centers that are trying to sell the last of their inventory before winter. Fall showers are generally plentiful, but it’s easy to deeply water plants if it doesn’t rain at least an inch per week. Pests and disease problems fade away in the fall. You don’t need fertilizer, either. Fertilizer promotes new, tender growth that can be nipped by winter weather; stop fertilizing by late summer. The window for fall planting ends about six weeks before your area gets hit with a hard frost, usually September or October. Use this list for fall planting inspiration. Learn more about whether autumn is the right time to use compost. continue reading below Spring Bulbs All spring-blooming bulbs need a period of cold dormancy to bloom. Plant bulbs in fall to ensure a beautiful spring display. If deer or other critters frequent your yard, plant bulbs they don’t like to nibble, such as daffodil, crown imperial, grape hyacinth, Siberian squill, allium, fritillaria, English bluebell, dog’s-tooth violet, glory-of-the-snow, winter aconite, or snowdrop. Get bulb planting tips. Check out these pest-resistant bulbs. Pansies Fall is the best time to plant pansies because the still-warm soil temperatures give their roots time to establish. By planting in fall, you’ll get two seasons of enjoyment out of these cool-season favorites. Remove spent flowers so the plant doesn’t use its energy to set seeds, and keep the soil moist. After the soil freezes, mulch plants to prevent alternate freezing and thawing cycles that can heave plants out of the ground. Learn how to select and grow pansies. Cool-Season Vegetables Many vegetables thrive in cool weather, including broccoli, Brussels sprouts, carrots, cabbage, kale, kohlrabi, lettuce, radishes, rutabaga, spinach, and Swiss chard. Many fall-harvested crops should be planted in early August to give them enough time to mature. Always consult the seed packet to see how many days it takes until maturity, and count backward from your frost date to allow enough time. Lettuce, spinach, and other greens with a short maturity time can be planted later in the season. Extend the growing season by planting them under floating row covers or cold frames that will shield plants from frost but still allow light, air, and water to penetrate. Many root crops taste sweeter when they’re harvested after frost. Learn more about cool-season crops. Turfgrass Fall is the best time to establish new turfgrass and do most lawn chores. If you live in the North, cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, fescue, and ryegrass should be fertilized in early September and again in late October or early November to give a boost for earlier spring green-up. In the South, avoid fertilizing dormant warm-season grasses unless they have been overseeded with winter ryegrass. Trees and Shrubs Fall is an ideal time to plant trees and shrubs. The weather is cool but the soil is still warm enough for root development. Before digging, always check with your local utility companies to locate any underground lines. Always plant trees and shrubs at their natural soil lines. Keep newly planted trees or shrubs well watered until the ground freezes so they get a good start before going into full dormancy during winter. Learn more about planting trees and shrubs. Perennials It’s fine to plant perennials in the fall, especially specimens with large root balls. Fall is a good time to divide and replant hostas. Learn how to divide perennials. Peonies should always be planted or transplanted in the fall. Avoid planting them too deep — no more than 2 inches above the bud on the root — or they won’t bloom. Pick a perfect peony. Late summer and early fall are good times to plant and transplant irises. Learn how to grown bearded irises. Chrysanthemums come into full glory by late summer and early fall, but it’s not the ideal time to plant them. Garden mums do best when planted in spring so they get fully established before winter. Sadly, the big, beautiful pots of florist mums you can buy already in bloom at a garden center won’t survive the winter if you plant them now. Learn how to use mums in the garden. Any fall-planted perennials should be carefully watered until the ground freezes to keep their roots healthy and strong. Don’t overwater, but make sure the plants get at least 1 inch of water one time per week. Fall Garden Favorites How to Divide Daylilies Bulb Planting Basics Fall Mums: Your Ultimate Care Guide Amazing Asters Fall Power Perennials Oops, we’re sorry. Something went wrong. Please try again later. Oops, we’re sorry. Something went wrong. Please try again later. Share your take on this idea!Upload your photo here.CLOSE Popular In Garden Care How to Improve Garden Soil Gardening in Drought Conditions Make More Plants from Cuttings More Garden Care Load Morefall garden plants 1BHG.com Gardening Edible Gardening Vegetables Fall Vegetable Gardening Autumn’s mild temperatures create perfect growing conditions for cool-season crops such as lettuce and spinach — so enjoy late-season treats by planting a fall vegetable garden. Facebook Pinterest Twitter Google Plus Email Print More Oops, we’re sorry. Something went wrong. Please try again later. Oops, we’re sorry. Something went wrong. Please try again later. Share your take on this idea!Upload your photo here.CLOSE Summer might be high season in the vegetable garden, but autumn also brings wonderful rewards. Fast-growing salad crops will revive the most bedraggled fall garden, and good care can keep sweet root crops and cabbage cousins growing for several weeks beyond the first frost. The tips below will help you extend your vegetable season long beyond the heat of summer. The secret to having a great fall vegetable garden is getting the timing right. And that means thinking a little differently because you have to plan backward. Learn how to get more from your garden through succession planting. Start with your area’s average first fall frost date. Then look at the number of days to harvest for each vegetable you wish to plant. You should be able to find that number on the seed packet, in the catalog description, or in our BHG.com Plant Encyclopedia. Use that number to count back from the first frost date. Then add two weeks; many plants grow more slowly as days shorten in fall. Want an example? If your first fall frost typically occurs around October 31 and you want to grow ‘French Breakfast’ radishes, which mature in about 25 days, you’d plant them around September 22. Find your first fall frost date here! Check out our Plant Encyclopedia. continue reading below Getting the Garden Ready Make room for your fresh crop of fall plants by ripping out any varieties that are no longer performing well (such as tomatoes that have succumbed to disease or peas that have burned out from the heat) or you have already harvested (potatoes, onions, or sweet corn, for example). Pull any weeds, as well, so they don’t steal moisture and nutrients from your young plants. If your vegetable garden has a lot of clay in the soil, it’s helpful to work in some organic matter, such as compost, to get your new plants off to a great start. Starting from Seed You’ll probably grow most of the vegetables for your fall garden from seed. Use the extra seeds you didn’t plant in the spring or purchase new ones. Happily, many garden centers put their seeds on discount late in the season, so you might be able to save a lot of money by growing vegetables in fall. The basics of starting with seeds are the same in autumn as in spring — use a high-quality seed-starting mix for best results. If you reuse the containers you used for your seeds in spring, be sure to wash them in a solution of one part bleach to 10 parts water to kill any disease organisms that might be lurking about. Test Garden Tip: If you live in a hot-summer climate, you might need to start seeds of your favorite cool-season vegetables indoors; many do better in air-conditioning than they do in the heat. If you start your seeds directly outdoors, plant them a little deeper than you would in spring; the soil is typically moister and cooler and extra inch or two down. Discover more seed-starting tips here! Caring for Your Garden It’s especially important to keep your vegetable plants well watered during the hot months of July, August and even into September. The general rule is that most vegetables do best with about an inch of water a week in spring, summer, and fall. Once your seedlings or transplants are established, it’s better to give them one deep watering a week than several lighter waterings. There might already be pests and diseases in your garden, so keep an eye out for holes or spots on plant leaves. Deal with insects and diseases promptly to minimize the damage. Extend your growing season later in fall by protecting your plants from frost. A cloche is a classic, elegant way of protecting individual small plants. But for larger areas, cover the garden with an old sheet, blanket, tarp, or row cover. Learn more about stopping pests and diseases. Crops for Speedy Harvest Get a last blast from your veggie patch with quick crops that go from seed to table in 40 days or less. Sown in September, sprinters such as arugula, mustard, spinach, turnips, and crispy red radishes are ready to pick in little more than a month. Also try pretty Asian greens, such as tatsoi or mizuna, which grow so fast that you will have baby plants to add to stir-fries and soups just three weeks after sowing. Perhaps you will plant beets, carrots, green onions, Chinese cabbage, broccoli, and cabbage cousins, such a cauliflower and kohlrabi. Plant in late summer for fall harvest; in Zones 8-10, plant these crops as late as December. These vegetables can handle light frost, which actually makes them sweeter. The hardiest fall vegetables — spinach and kale — often grow well into early winter. Thin crowded spinach to give the plants plenty of elbowroom, and stop picking leaves when freezing weather arrives. When protected by a blanket of snow or a plastic tunnel, spinach can survive winter and produce a flush of sweet leaves first thing in spring. Great Crops for Fall Growing fall vegetables in cold climates is a bit of a gamble but well worth the effort most years. Even if you suffer an early frost, you can still enjoy a long harvest if you plant the right varieties and give them a bit of protection. The two lists below will help you plan a two-tier approach for maximum length of harvest. All of the vegetables below are suitable for fall gardens. Some, such as beets and carrots, might need to be harvested when very small (but still tasty). When shopping for seeds, select the earliest maturing varieties available. Beet Broccoli Cabbage Carrot Cauliflower Kohlrabi Lettuce Radish Spinach Vegetables That Will Survive a Frost The varieties listed below will survive below-freezing temperatures if given some protection. During the first spell of cool weather, cover them with a blanket, cardboard box, or plastic tunnel. In Zones 8-9, where temperatures rarely dip below 20˚F, these vegetables will grow all winter. Dig beets, carrots, rutabagas, and turnips when the roots become plump and crisp; old plants left in the ground might develop unsightly cracks. Beets Broccoli Brussels sprouts Cabbage Carrots Collards Kale Kohlrabi Leeks Lettuce Mustard Rutabagas Swiss chard Turnips Prevent Frost Damage Prevent Frost Damage Growing Cool-Season Vegetables Growing Cool-Season Vegetables Oops, we’re sorry. Something went wrong. Please try again later. Oops, we’re sorry. Something went wrong. Please try again later. Share your take on this idea!Upload your photo here.CLOSE Popular In Vegetables Plans for Vegetable Gardens Tomato Blossom End Rot Growing Vegetables in Containers More Vegetables Load More

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